# Maths Pyramids for Mental Maths Practice

Recently updated! Mental Maths practice is fun especially when you do your addition and subtraction up and down pyramids!

How do these pyramids work?

1. Add the 2 numbers next to each other in a row and write the answer in the circle above those 2 numbers.
2. Add all neighbouring numbers in every row.
3. Fill in the answers until the row above is full.
4. Now add those numbers until you fill all the rows and reach the top of the pyramid.
5. Where the numbers start at the top, subtract the number below it to find the missing ‘neighbouring’ number.

Note:

• Some pyramids work from the bottom up – addition, while others work from the top down – subtraction. One pyramid involves several addition or subtraction sums per pyramid = lots of practice!
• Each sheet has several pyramids = loads of practice.
• There are 2 pages for each level = plenty of practice.
• And we all know that Maths practice = mastery.
• The next level has a higher number of values or more numbers in each row.
• Place each sheet in a plastic protector and let your children use a dry wipe pen.

Visit my Free Maths for more Maths pages such as Maths Rockets Butterflies, Flowers, In & Out for loads of fun practice!  Enjoy 🙂

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# Making ‘cents’ out of Money

My youngest (8-years-old) is studying money at the moment.

In Maths the child must learn the new concept, and then practice the new skills often enough to succeed all the way through the exercises to gain mastery and build confidence.

Most textbooks and workbook lessons and exercises aim at the average child.

Some children need more practice.

Some need less.

I use supplementary activities to build up mastery.  Children need to repeat the mechanics until they completely understand the concept and can manage some variations of those skills.  (Remember that young children should work with manipulatives to fully understand mental, abstract concepts.)

I love my children to work through their Maths, succeed and say, “I get it!”

Sometimes there is a quicker way and I suggest,  “I wonder if you can find the easy, quicker way?” Often this prods my child to work through the problem more intuitively.  This can lead to discovery.  If the answers are incorrect, then it is back to the solid approach.  But most times, when the child has understood the principle, they discover that maths can be mental and intuitive.

I made these money worksheets to add to our Singapore Maths 2B books.  I also needed to convert dollars and American coinage to South African rands and cents.

So what supplementary Money activities do I use?

• Work with manipulatives – real coins and notes.
• Practice bonds of ten – drill work will speed up all money additions and subtraction.
• Do skip counting in 2’s, 5’s and 10’s – jump, skip, clap, hop while counting.
• Count and stack coins and swap money – from smallest coins to build up to notes or down.

What have I included in these 4 Maths practice pages?

1. Adding cents to make a rand with 10 cents.
2. Add cents and rands to make the next full rand.
3. Subtract 10 cents increments off full rands.

For other South African homeschoolers – here is your free 4-page download ~ SA Money Changing Rands

Enjoy!

Blessings,

# Maths Pyramids for Mental Maths Practice

Mental Maths practice is fun especially when you do your addition and subtraction up and down pyramids!  Updated!

How do these pyramids work?

1. Add the 2 numbers next to each other in a row and write the answer in the circle above those 2 numbers.
2. Add all neighboring numbers in every row.
3. Fill in the answers until the row above is full.
4. Now add those numbers until you fill all the rows and reach the top of the pyramid.
5. Where the numbers start at the top, subtract the number below it to find the missing ‘neighboring’ number.

Note:

• Some pyramids work from the bottom up – addition , while others work from the top down – subtraction. One pyramid involves several addition or subtraction sums per pyramid = lots of practice!
• Each sheet has several pyramids = loads of practice.
• There are 2 pages for each level = plenty of practice.
• And we all know that Maths practice = mastery.
• The next level has higher number values or more numbers in each row.
• Place each sheet in a plastic protector and let your children use a dry wipe pen.

Visit my Free Maths  for more Maths pages.  Enjoy 🙂

• Subscribe Click to receive all my new posts packed with practical tips, projects, plans, pages & art ideas by email

# Maths Flowers ~ More Mental Maths Worksheets

### Maths Flowers

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These 13 pages of Maths Flowers include adding,subtraction, multiplication and division.

Each page is dedicated to one number concept;

+ 2, -2 or x2 and divide 2

3, or 4 or 5 x table

bonds of 10

and blank page for you to customize.

As I am constantly creating more Practical Pages to add to our collection, please subscribe or click on my RSS feed under my Gravatar to receive notification of the latest posts.

# Mental Maths Practice ~ fun worksheets!

### When a child practices mental maths – maths becomes quicker and simpler!

My girls look at their maths charts (Mini Office A5 Maths) too much, so I made some fun worksheets for practice. These worksheets reinforce adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing with just a few minutes practice every day.

Maths Rockets ~ for adding/ subtracting or multiplying numbers on the side to equal the number in the roof (great for bonds)

Maths Butterflies ~ 5 sums for each butterfly, so good for quick reviews

Maths Corners ~ 4 sums for each number, also a quick worksheet

Maths In&Out ~ top row of random numbers “in” to work with a number and operation, and write the answer as “out”

Maths Caterpillars ~ each caterpillar has random numbers or operations, from simple to complex

Maths Amazing Squares ~ brilliant for bonds to 10 ~ all rows add to 10, up, down  or sideways!

Maths Corners

Maths In & Out

Amazing Maths 10 Square

Maths Rockets

You can use these sheets as they are or ~

* cut out each section and let them do just one little fun exercise a day

* use a part of the page for pre-lesson reviews

* use the blanks pages to reinforce the numbers or operations you are working on

* focus on 1 operation or number exercise (all x 2 or +2 exercises)

* remedial work with number concepts or operations

With a little regular practice the number combinations or patterns start to “click”  ~ which is great for confidence and generates a positive maths attitude!

Let me know what you and your children think!

# Free Cursive Handwriting Charts

My children are about 9 to 10-years old when they start cursive handwriting.  They should have mastered print handwriting. They should learn all the letter forms on the chart before writing in cursive in notebook pages. The writing style we chose is the official South African school cursive form.

Cursive lower case

Cursive upper case

Cursive upper & lower case

They use whiteboard markers to learn the letter shape and practice letter formation on the chart.  Once the child masters lower case letters , they learn the upper case letters.  Then they are able to write dictations and copywork in pencil on notebook pages.

You can download the 3 page cursive handwriting charts here – Cursive Handwriting Chart

Some more tips:

• Daily practice helps mastery
• ‘Talk’ through the letter formation – e.g.: flow up, loop over, straight down, touch the base line, slide up the line, curve up to mid line …
• Use a H pencil instead of HB as it doesn’t smudge easily
• Use sharp pencils
• Use rubber pencil grip to hold the pencil comfortably and correctly
• Use propelling pencils with the triangle rubber grip
• Sit comfortably, at the correct height table with feet resting on the floor (or foot stool/box/ledge)
• Neatest work for copywork – other writing is functionally neat and legible
• When they accomplish writing in pencil they can begin to use pen

Look at my Handwriting pages for more charts and tips 🙂

# Free Print Handwriting charts!

### Print Handwriting charts!

To download these print charts and all my other handwriting charts and tips , please pop over to my Handwriting Page.

Print lower case with arrows

print upper case arrows cat

print numbers arrows cat

• We laminate and write over the letters with whiteboard markers.
• It is easy to clean or correct.
• It makes a clear line over the chart. They don’t have to press hard.
• It is quick and easy to use.
• Child can see where the letter ‘sits’ with the ‘head’, ‘body’ and ‘leg’ in the margin
• No need for books, exercises, pages and patterns.
• The real letters are learnt in alphabetic order.
• Once the child has mastered the letter formation, we write spelling words, dictation and copywork on whiteboards or with pencil on notebooking  pages.

To download these print charts and all my other handwriting charts and tips , please pop over to my Handwriting Page.

# South African Money Worksheets

## South African Coins and Notes

We use Singapore Maths which uses American coinage and so I  have made SA money new worksheets for junior levels which I use to replace the American exercises. You may download these pages for free.  Included in this 13 page download is a little chart which could be enlarged and laminated or duplicated, cut out and used for practice and “shop” play.

South African R1 Coin