Geography ~ Learn About Hemispheres Minibook

My children are studying hemispheres and lines of longitude and latitude in Geography at the moment.

We revised our Lines of Longitude and Latitude with the fun Geography game “Simon Says”.

We watched this YouTube video on Lines of Longitude and Latitude

I created this fun minibook for them ~

The minibook has several circle pages that we stuck to the top or bottom or sides so they could open to show the different lines of longitude or latitude.

You can download this minibook here ~ Hemispheres

Each page has labels and/or pictures ~

  • Page 1:   A globe cut across the Equator to show Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
  • The children draw the major lines of Latitude on this page.

    They cut the page so it opens up and down.

    We attached the top and bottom halves to the base circle.

    (The base circle page is a blank circle with the North and South Poles).

  • Page 2:    Globe with the line of Longitude – Greenwich Meridian cut open to show East and West Hemispheres.
  • This page is split vertically so it opens to each side.

    We attached each side to the left and right sides of the base circle.

    The children cut and pasted the relevant labels.

    The Greenwich Meridan line shows O°and measures co-ordinates for E or W/ day and night/

  • Page 3:     Globe with all the major lines of Latitude: Equator, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circles.
  • This page is not cut to open, so we attached the circle page to the top of the booklet.

    The children enjoyed drawing in jungles in the torrid zone and tropical islands in the temperate zones.

    Discuss different climates, seasons and vegetation.

    Look at pictures of Equatorial jungles.

    Look at Kiribati chain of coral islands that has land in all 4 hemispheres here.

    • Page 4:    Final page showing Arctic and Antarctic Circles.

    The children correctly place the labels and pictures.

    Look at pictures and animals from the Frigid Zones.

    We used all these links for this Unit Study:

    I am using Intelligo Unit Studies for our Geography course.

    World Atlas – Hemispheres

    How to Teach Latitude and Longitude

    Learning Geography with “Simon Says”

    We are studying the hemispheres and found this wonderful Geography Classroom Game ~

    play “Geography Simon Says”

    "Tropic of Cancer" = Shoulders!

    But before the game we first learnt about the Equator, Tropics and Arctic and Antarctic circles and North and South Poles.

    The kids found and named all the latitude lines on our globe.

    Then we checked the names and positions on our maps.

    Now we could play!

    We named the body:

    Top of head = North Pole
    Ears = Arctic Circle *
    Shoulders = Tropic of Cancer
    Waist = Equator
    Knees = Tropic of Capricorn
    Shins = Antarctic Circle *
    Toes = South Pole

    * Once the kids had mastered the basics, I added the Arctic and Antarctic circles.

    It took just a few rounds for the kids to learn all these important positions on the globe … and we had fun!

    I am using Intelligo Unit Studies for our Geography course.

    We used all these links for this Unit Study:

    World Atlas – Hemispheres

    How to Teach Latitude and Longitude

    Games involve different learning styles. This physical activity is valuable  for kinesthetic learners (children who need to do/ act/ move what they are learning).  Games only need about 5 to 10 minutes, but they secure the new information in a dynamic way.

    Our young children (and moms, too) must get out of our chairs and be actively involved when learning.  Hands-on activities, games, projects and fun create a happy learning environment.

    Homeschool is fun!

    Treasure hunt and Letterboxing!

    Letterboxing is an intriguing mix of treasure hunting, art, navigation, and exploring interesting, scenic, and sometimes remote places.

    It is a recognized international activity where participants use clues which describe directions and landmarks to find a hidden treasure box. (Read more here.) Once the box is found, the participants imprint their own personal rubber stamp in the log book, write in the date with their “trail name” and then use the stamp in the box to stamp a record their “find” in their own personal log book.

    We have enjoyed making our own treasure maps for Geography!  Now it was time to try Letterboxing here at home.

    To help the children create their Letterbox Clues using very detailed instructions to find the “letterbox”, I created Treasure Hunt clue words which has lists of sentence starters, order words, a few verbs and lists of prepositions.  The 2nd page has sentence starters with colour-coded blanks to insert the right words for their clues.  Using this, the girls quickly wrote down their clues.

    This written activity covers several concepts:

    • directions
    • compass work (not used in this lesson)
    • order words

    Language skills such as:

    • adverbs for time
    • prepositions
    • verbs or action words
    • objects

    To reinforce prepositions, we played some bean bag games.  They took turns using the preposition list to call out some bean bag position. What fun!  [And sneaky ~ they were practicing auditory processes (listening and following oral instructions), directionality (up/down/left/right), spatial awareness (in front, under), body awareness (good for young children – left foot, elbow, ear lobe!)]

    Playing preposition games with bean bags

    Next, we made our rubber stamps.  Letterboxing Kids gives an easy method of cutting rubber stamps, but I let the girls draw the image on their rubbers and I cut them for them with a super-sharp craft knife.  (The same site has a unique and easy way of making foam stamps!)

    Making a rubber stamp

    Foam stamps glued back-to-front on a sponge

    We needed a Letterbox Log Book for each child and one for the treasure box, and I created these using a “hot dog” mini book template.

    “Hot dog” book folded on all lines and cut in middle

    “Hot dog” minibook folded lengthways and pressed to form diamond. Squeeze together and fold pages so front cover is in front.

    Treasure box with log book, pencil, stamp pad and rubber stamp

    Now the girls played Letterboxing!  They crawled under and over things, turned left and right, counted paces, moved forwards or backwards until they found the treasure box.  They made their stamps in the log books and loved every minute of this lesson!

    Treasure log book’s entries

    Isn’t homeschool fun?

    Having fun with maps!

    Hands-on makes learning such fun!

    Finding the right directions on a treasure map

    We are really enjoying  K-2 Maps Rev 1 I downloaded this pdf. from Intellego Unit Studies and K-2 Maps Rev 1 has plenty of online links, videos, as well as worksheets to print out and suggestions for a variety of hands-on activities for each concept.

    Last week the girls had to make an aged treasure map.  They hid a little “treasure” somewhere in the house and had to mark clues, landmarks and number of steps and directions to find each other’s treasure.  It was a great learning experience!

    Today we made maps, to scale, of their bedrooms.  My 10-year-old pretended she was an interior decorator and was so professional!  We are building some useful skills for possible careers ~ isn’t that wonderful?