Maths Pyramids for Mental Maths Practice

Recently updated! Mental Maths practice is fun especially when you do your addition and subtraction up and down pyramids!

How do these pyramids work?

1. Add the 2 numbers next to each other in a row and write the answer in the circle above those 2 numbers.
2. Add all neighbouring numbers in every row.
3. Fill in the answers until the row above is full.
4. Now add those numbers until you fill all the rows and reach the top of the pyramid.
5. Where the numbers start at the top, subtract the number below it to find the missing ‘neighbouring’ number.

Note:

• Some pyramids work from the bottom up – addition, while others work from the top down – subtraction. One pyramid involves several addition or subtraction sums per pyramid = lots of practice!
• Each sheet has several pyramids = loads of practice.
• There are 2 pages for each level = plenty of practice.
• And we all know that Maths practice = mastery.
• The next level has a higher number of values or more numbers in each row.
• Place each sheet in a plastic protector and let your children use a dry wipe pen.

Visit my Free Maths for more Maths pages such as Maths Rockets Butterflies, Flowers, In & Out for loads of fun practice!  Enjoy 🙂

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Rectangles Rhomboids Parallelograms

My daughter uses her Maths Mini Office regularly for reference while she does her work.  As she learns new Maths themes, I  create new pages for her work.  Her latest geometry studies covers quadrilaterals, rectangles, rhomboids, squares & parallelograms.

A Mini Office is a handy reference – a file folder, laminated for durability , or a simple file with plastic page protectors.  I find that once a student practices enough with a formula or geometric principles, they no longer need the reference page.  It is also an excellent tool for review and revision.  Students who struggle and require remedial work, find reference pages very reassuring.

Have you found ways to help your maths student?  Any topics you wish to see included in a Mini Office reference page?  Please share in the comments below.

Blessings,

Maths Mini Office New Pages

My youngest daughter’s middle school Maths Mini Office needs an upgrade and so I created some new pages to laminate and use in our Maths Mini Office.  These pages include ~

1. Decimal and number value placement chart.  Handy to calculate multiplying and dividing by 10’s, 100’s or 100’s.
2. Compass with bearings.  Handy for Geography and Geometry.
3. X-Y Axis Grid for drawing graphs
4. Positive & Negative Number Line to teach integers.

Here is the download link to the new Free Pages for your Maths Mini Office ~ Decimal Value Chart Compass XY Axis Pos & Neg Number line

Blessings,

Maths Mini Office Updated

My kids have all used their mini offices for years,

mostly for maths, and, I am sad to admit, mostly for multiplication tables!

(I wish their mental maths was much better, but we have all been lazy in this area.  Sigh.)

Anyway, a mini office is a very handy reference that one can personalize for each child’s needs and ages and stages.

I have recently updated both my Junior and the Senior Mini Offices.

The Junior Mini Office contains

1. Number Line & Number Chart
2. Ordinal numbers & Fractions
3. Tally or scores, finger counting signs, shapes, directions
4. Number words & Roman numerals with blank clock face
5. Multiplication Tables
6. Seasons & Months
7. Days of the week & time of the day
8. Address & Where am I?
9. Weather
10. Sight Word Walls
11. Family Words
12. Print Handwriting Chart
13. Cursive Handwriting Chart

The Senior Mini Office has only Maths information or cheat sheets ~

1. Multiplication table
2. Number chart
3. Roman Numerals & Angles
4. Circles
5. 2D Shapes with their circumference and area formula
6. 3D Shapes with their circumference and area and volume formula
7. Triangles
8. Maths symbols & Compass directions and bearings
9. Conversions of time, distance, volumes, mass
10. Order of operations
11. Fractions to decimals & percentages, Recurring decimals to fractions
12. Different types of fractions
13. Base numbers squares & cubes
14. Number systems

Pop over to my Mini Office page & check out my super-duper all-on-one-page Calendar for junior primary!

This is a 1 page-does-it-all-in-one chart, which when all assembled with rotating circles and slide bars instead of fiddly flash cards, pictures, Velcro and all those other bits & bobs, the child simply rotates the circles under the windows and slides the viewer to reveal the relevant pictures and information. Easy as pie!

Handy Tips ~

• Print out only the pages your child needs.  (It is in A4 landscape format.  You can try print 2 pages on 1 page to create a smaller A5 version.)
• Paste onto card stock or a file folder or lapbook.
• My senior children used a plastic display file folder.
• LAMINATE!  It will last for years.
• Use whiteboard markers on your laminated surfaces.
• Keep handy in the child’s maths books, notebook or ring binder.

It is really worth laminating this chart when you make it!

We have used our chart for over 7 years and it is still as good as new!

Blessings,

Teaching 24 Hour Clock

My visual learner needed a 24 hour clock with colored indicators for am or pm and the 24 hour numbers.  She and I discussed how we could show the difference between daytime and nighttime on a clock and came up with this idea ~

To start, begin inside the clock at 12 midnight. Follow around the thin blue circle until it becomes orange, indicating day time. Continue following around the thin inner orange circle until you reach 12 noon.  Now slide outside the clock continuing around the broad orange circle for the 24 hour daytime hours.  At 18 hours, the broad outer circle turns blue, indicating the start of nighttime.

Place this clock inside a plastic protector and use whiteboard markers to write the digital times and the matching clock hands. My youngest daughter and I enjoy taking turns in drawing the clock hands to show the times and writing digital times!

There are separate hour, minute and second hands which you could attach to the clock with a split pin.

Download and enjoy this middle school maths activity ~ 24 hour clock.

• Khan Academy has fabulous maths video lessons and exercises to teach the time.
• Maths is Fun has lovely clear images and explanations on clocks.
• Maths Games.org includes lots of different times and clock games and activities.

Blessings,

Maths Games With A Pack of Cards

We love to play maths games on Fridays for informal, fun mental arithmetic practice!

Did you know that an ordinary pack of playing cards is your most versatile game?

I made these instruction cards sized to fit in the card pack so that the kids can play maths games when they have spare time.

There is so much more on Let’s Play Maths, but take a look at these other web sites for more maths card games:

Have you seen the other fun maths downloads on my Maths Pages?

Have fun!

Blessings,

Maths Pyramids for Mental Maths Practice

Mental Maths practice is fun especially when you do your addition and subtraction up and down pyramids!  Updated!

How do these pyramids work?

1. Add the 2 numbers next to each other in a row and write the answer in the circle above those 2 numbers.
2. Add all neighboring numbers in every row.
3. Fill in the answers until the row above is full.
4. Now add those numbers until you fill all the rows and reach the top of the pyramid.
5. Where the numbers start at the top, subtract the number below it to find the missing ‘neighboring’ number.

Note:

• Some pyramids work from the bottom up – addition , while others work from the top down – subtraction. One pyramid involves several addition or subtraction sums per pyramid = lots of practice!
• Each sheet has several pyramids = loads of practice.
• There are 2 pages for each level = plenty of practice.
• And we all know that Maths practice = mastery.
• The next level has higher number values or more numbers in each row.
• Place each sheet in a plastic protector and let your children use a dry wipe pen.

Visit my Free Maths  for more Maths pages.  Enjoy 🙂

• Subscribe Click to receive all my new posts packed with practical tips, projects, plans, pages & art ideas by email

Make your own Mental Maths Practice Worksheets ~ Blank Templates

Do you want to make your own quick, fun maths worksheets?

If you visit my  Remedial Maths Activities Page you will find all the Mental Maths downloads.

View the original Mental Maths posts here  –

Mental Maths Practice ~ Fun Worksheets! and Maths Flowers for the photos and tips.

• These downloads are in pdf file format and are great to just print and use.
• Each set of worksheets has a blank template page.
• I recommend that moms can print out about 10 blank templates and write in their own numbers that they want their children to practice.
• Some moms place each page in plastic page protectors and use dry-wipe markers for quick and easy maths practice. They slip in a new page for the next practice.

I have had requests for these math templates in MS Word doc files so that moms can type in their own numbers for their own practices.

Image via Wikipedia

How do I customize my blank template in MS Word?

3. Now open this doc file
4. Press Control + A to Select All (Everything will be highlighted. All the templates from this page will go on a hidden clipboard)
5. Press Control + N to open a New Document
6. Click on the new page
7. Press Control + V and Paste (All the original templates will now go on to your new document.)
8. Save and close the original (to reuse later.)
9. Name and save your newly created blank templates with a new name (e.g.: homeschool/maths/multiples6)
10. Now you can type in new numbers in the appropriate shapes.
11. Click in the shape, and select a clear, large font, middle alignment
12. If the shape does not allow text, right-click on the shape and select “Add Text” from the pop-up menu
13. Save as you go.
14. Print out the pages you have created
15. Viola!  Your own mental maths practice worksheets

I hope this helps you! 🙂

As I am constantly creating more Practical Pages to add to our collection, please subscribe or click on my RSS feed under my Gravatar to receive notification of the latest posts.

Maths Mini Office for Middle & Senior Students

A Mini Office is a collection of reference materials your child needs to refer to while they work.

Most mini offices are pasted into the child’s own file folder.

This makes it easy for them to find information or important facts.

Mini Offices replace the wall charts that most classrooms have on display.

My grade 5/6 and grade 9 children refer to math reference pages often.

I created this Maths Mini Office for them.

Included in this Maths Mini Office are~

1. Multiplication Chart
2. Shapes and Counting
3. Roman Numerals and Angles
4. 3D Shapes with formulas for area & volume
5. 2D Shapes with formulas for area & circumference
6. Circles with formulas for area &  circumference
7. Triangles with angles, area & Pythagoras Theory
8. Maths Symbols and Compass Points
9. Fractions, Decimals & Converting Fractions

Multiplication Table

Shapes & counting

Roman Numerals & Angles

3D Shapes ~ Pyramid, Sphere & Cones

Blessings,

Homeschooling High School Maths ~ a challenge!

I’m a homeschool mom of 3 very different children.

They range in ages from 15 and 10 to my youngest who is 8 years old.  Most of what I post in this blog features my younger children, but I devote much of my time and energy to my high school daughter …

and in particular to her maths.

Maths was never my strong subject and I failed many maths exams and tests through my high school career, yet somehow still passed. I was always insecure and stressed about maths.  In my final school year I had a fantastic tutor who explained things clearly and slowly and patiently, until I ‘got’ it.

Despite his help, I did not feel confident doing maths.

Then, a few years later I studied to become a public school teacher and I was given 3 grades’ maths classes during a student practical experience.  I was terrified!  How could I teach maths?

I studied at least 3 different textbooks on the work I had to present, and I gained confidence.  The more I scribbled and practiced, the easier it became.  The next day I entered the classroom armed with my textbooks, and I  had some tricks up my sleeve.  I had my examples, manipulatives, some games and exercises that made maths come alive.

Actually, I was a good maths teacher!

Fortunately, when I qualified, I was given my favourite subjects to teach (English, History and Art) and I never taught maths again. (Sigh of relief!)

Now, many, many years later I am facing grade 9 maths with my daughter.  Whether it is hereditary, or temperamental, I don’t know, but she is also terrified of maths.

I can teach her,

I can urge her,

I can support her,

tutor her,

console her,

instruct, remind, exhort …

but she has to conquer her fear of maths for herself.

I must lay out each step slowly and clearly.

I must stay patient while she thinks the work through.

I need to try different approaches if the one I am using is not clear.

The textbooks may give us the break-down of each step, but we need to work through the concepts until it ‘clicks’.  I usually show her the principles, then show her some examples, and then she has to try while I watch.

While  she works I give some encouragement, whispered reminders, a nod, yes … you’ve got it!

If she keeps at it at her level long enough, she’ll eventually say, “Mom, I know this stuff.”

She has to work at it till she ‘gets’ it.  This means a lot of hard solo work.  She needs to keep at it until it shrinks in her view finder into the subject it is – and not the giant terror that it seems.

Teaching high school maths is a challenge.  The work is abstract and complicated and complex.  But, by far, the greatest challenge is the attitude and emotional issues that add stress to learning and mastering high school maths.

I’m reminded, even as I write this, the prayer is vital.

I pray for mental clarity,

for calm,

for grace,

for strength,

for courage,

for perseverance,

for confidence

to conquer maths.

What high school homeschool experiences have you had?

Blessings,